Apr 08 2021

Agreement In Biak Na Bato

Published by at 3:06 am under Uncategorized

According to historian Sonia M. Zaide, the agreement consisted of three parts: According to General Emilio Aguinaldo, who wrote in 1899, the main conditions of the biak-na-bato pact:[4] A charter based on the Cuban Constitution was also designed by Felix Ferrer and Isabelo Artacho. Signed on November 18, 1897. The Biak-na-Bato Constitution provided for the creation of a Supreme Council to serve as the supreme body of the Republic`s government. He also described some fundamental human rights, such as freedom of religion, freedom of the press and the right to education. Emilio Aguinaldo and Mariano Trias were elected respectively President of the Supreme Council and Vice-President. The Biak-na-Bato pact Pedro Paterno, a Spaniard born in the Philippines, volunteered to be a negotiator between Aguinaldo and Governor Primo de Rivera to end the clashes. Paterno`s efforts paid off when he signed the pact on 15 December 1897 as a representative of the revolutionaries and of Rivera as a representative of the Spanish government. The heads of state and government are: Emilio Aguinaldo President, Mariano Trias- Vice-President, Antonio Montenegro Secretary, Baldomero Aguinaldo Treasurer and Emilio Riego de Dios. On 23 December 1897, Generals Celestino Tejero and Ricardo Monet of the Spanish Army arrived in Biak-na-Bato and became hostages of the rebels. Both sides have declared a ceasefire and an agreement has been reached between Aguinaldo and the Spanish armed forces for the Spanish government to self-govern in the Philippines in three years, when Aguinaldo goes into exile and surrenders his weapons. In exchange, Aguinaldo received the P800,000 (Mexican pesos) in compensation for revolutionaries and an amnesty.

After receiving a partial payment of 400,000 P, Aguinaldo went to Hong Kong on 27 December 1897. However, some Filipino generals did not believe in the sincerity of the Spaniards. They refused to surrender their weapons. Yet the Te Deum was sung on January 23, 1898. The biak na-bato pact, we revolutionaries have fulfilled our obligation to surrender our weapons, which, as everyone knows, exceed a thousand, since it was published in the newspapers of Manila. But the captain, General Primo de Rivera, did not respect the agreement as faithfully as we did. The other payments were never paid; the brothers were not limited in their acts of tyranny and oppression, nor to drive them out, nor to secularize religious orders; The requested reforms were not inaugurated, although the Te Deumwas were sung. This failure of the Spanish authorities to respect the terms of the treaty caused me and my companions a great deal of misery, which quickly turned into irritation when I received a letter from Lieutenant-Colonel Don Miguel Primo de Rivera (nephew and private secretary of the general mentioned above) informing me that I and my companions could never return to Manila. The separation of the Philippines from the Spanish monarchy and their formation into an independent state, with its own government called the Philippine Republic, was the end of the revolution in the existing war, which began on August 24, 1896; That is why, on his behalf and by the power of the Filipino people, who faithfully interpret their desires and ambitions, we, the representatives of the revolution, unanimously adopted the following articles for the Constitution of the State at a meeting in Biac-na-bato on 1 November 1897. [9] On August 9, 1897, Paterno proposed a peace based on Aguinaldo`s reforms and amnesty.

Over the next few months, Paterno went back and forth with proposals and counter-proposals between Manila and Biak-na-Bato. Paterno`s efforts resulted in a peace agreement, the so-called Biak na-Bato Pact. These were three documents, the first two signed on December 14, 1897 and the third on December 15; Republic of Biak-na-Bato. [10] On 1 November 1897, the Provisional Constitution for the Republic of Biak na-Bato was signed. [8] The preamble to the Constitution contained the following statement: was the procedure of this special representative of Spain fair? .

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