Oct 08 2021

Simla Agreement 1945

Published by at 3:17 am under Uncategorized

Gandhi, who met Wavell before the conference, left after the meeting at the historic Viceregal Lodge (now Rashtrapati Niwas) in Shimla, where the talks took place from June 25 to July 14, 1945. Dignitaries chat with each other on the lawns. The viceroy and his wife can also be seen greeting the rulers and exchanging kindnesses on this occasion. Wavell Plan was formed to resolve India`s existing political impasse, but it abandoned the proposals due to disagreements between the leaders of the Muslim League and the Congress, and eventually the proposals were dissolved at the Shimla conference. In May 1945, Wavell went to London and discussed his ideas with the British government. These talks in London led to the formulation of a concrete plan of action, adopted on 14 June 1945 by L.S. Amery, Secretary of State for India, was officially published in the House of Commons and by Wavell in a speech by Delhi Radio. The plan, commonly known as the Wavell Plan, proposed: The day before the conference was convened on June 24, Wavell met with Azad, Gandhi and Jinnah to evaluate their approach. He noted in his diary: “Gandhi and Jinnah behave like very feisty primadonnes.” Lord Wavell officially opened the summit on 25 June 1945 at 11:00 am. At first, Azad, as president of the Congress, spoke of his “non-communal” character. Jinnah spoke of the essentially Hindu character of the Congress, and at that time there was a bitter struggle that was settled by Wavell`s intervention.

On the morning of the 29th the conference met again on June 26 and Wavell asked the parties to present a list of candidates for his new council, Azad agreed, while Jinnah refused to present a list before consulting the Muslim League`s working committee. The conference was postponed to July 14, while Wavell met with Jinnah on July 8 and tried to convince him, as Jinnah was determined to nominate all Muslim members of the Muslim League platform, believing that the Muslim representatives of the Congress were “show boys.” Wavell gave him a letter placed on July 9 before the Muslim League`s working committee. Jinnah, after careful consideration by the working committee, replied: “I regret to announce to you that you have failed to guarantee the appointment of all Muslim members of the Muslim League platform, so we cannot submit a list. The viceroy was also determined not to give at that time, and bitterly tonight he had his own list of new members of the Council. Four are expected to be members of the Muslim League (Liaquat Ali Khan, Khawaja Nazimuddin, Chaudhry Khaliquzzaman and Eassak Sait) and another non-Muslim Muhammad Nawaz Khan (an owner of Punjabi). The five “Hindu boxes” were to be Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel, Rajendra Prasad, Madhav Shrihari Aney, B. . .


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